Valais Chamoson automne

Valais, Alpine grapes on glacial terroir

The Valais vineyards contribute one third to total Swiss production. Over more than a hundred kilometres, they stretch along the Rhône. Their well-exposed slopes extend continuously from the communes of Salquenen in the east to Martigny in the west. The vineyards sometimes penetrate deeply into the side valleys, so that of Visperterminen at 1100 meters is among the highest in Europe.

The favourable climate, dry and sunny, and the diversity of soils, which vary from one plot to another, produces in Valais an astonishing wealth of unique wines, from a multitude of grape varieties. Protected by the barrier of the Alps, Valais has by far the driest climate of all Swiss wine regions. The foehn, a hot wind that precipitates ripening, is also an important climatic factor. The great diversity of soils is due to geological upheavals, retreating glaciers and alluvial deposits from the Rhône and torrents from the Alps.

Key info

Area 4'732 ha
Distribution 40% white, 60% red
Climate Semi-continental à caractère méridional (chaud et sec)
Soils Great diversity due to the combination of geological upheavals, receding glaciers and alluvial deposits of the Rhône and the Alpine waterways
Cultivation Terraces
Source OFAG 2021

Valais vineyard's map

Carte du vignoble valaisan

White grapes

Grape Area Weight
Chasselas (Fendant) - indigenous 784 ha 16.6%
Silvaner (Johannisberg) 306 ha 6.5%
Arvine (Petite Arvine) - indigenous 243 ha 5.1%
Savagnin Blanc (Heida, Paien) 211 ha 4.5%
Chardonnay 70 ha 1.5%
Pinot Gris (Malvoisie) 62 ha 1.3%
Humane Blanche - indigenous 27 ha 0.6%

Red grapes

Grape Area Weight
Pinot Noir 1344 ha 28.4%
Gamay 495 ha 10.5%
Syrah 172 ha 3.6%
Cornalin (Rouge du pays, Landroter) 157 ha 3.3%
Merlot 143 ha 3.0%
Humane Rouge 142 ha 3.0%
Merlot 138 ha 2.9%
Gamaret - indigenous 105 ha 2.2%
Diolinoir - indigenous 105 ha 2.2%

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